/зохиогчийн эрхээр хамгаалагдана/

Music, Dances, Art and Mongolian Sculpture:

/The section is under development/

Music and singingsThe Mongolian traditional music is rich and it has varieties depending on vary on different tribes.

The Mongolian traditional singings-hoomii/"throat singing"/ and urtiin duu/"long singing"/  are invaluable and unique contributions to world culture.

In hoomii, the song are sung differently than traditional vocals. It's a unique style of singing in which both special sound is made in unison with the tongue, teeth, larynx and palate. No other nation in the world, can sing songs using the same time the throat as a musical instrument. Hoomii singing tradition kept alive in western Mongolia. The technique of throat singing is not impossible to be written about, but it's almost impossible actually perform in practice. That's why, even among Mongolian singers, the throat singers are few. It's a real hard work to learn perform it!!!

Urtiin duu is called long singing because the song are sung fairly long. Each word in a song may be sung for up to1-2 minutes.  A four-minute song may only consist of ten words. Themes of these long songs are about love, mother, father, native land,horse and as well as human struggles and sufferings. Eastern Mongols and central Mongols typically use a morin khuur(horse-head fiddle) as accompaniment, sometimes with a type of indigenous flute. Oirats or Western Mongols typically sing long songs unaccompanied or accompanied with the their musical instrument called ikel.

Besides the traditional music, Westernclassical music and ballet flourished during the MPR. Among the most popular forms of modern music in Mongolia are Western pop and rock genres and the mass songs, which are written by modern authors in a form of folk songs.

Fine Art:  Fine arts of Mongolia are famous for its incredible paintings. Cave paintings aged 3-8 thousand years have been found in many places in Mongolia including  those drawings carved in the Tsenkher cave, Hovd Province which  are believed to be the ancient art  works discovered in the territory of the country. The history of art and architecture of the Mongolian Empire begins in the 12th century and at later times was influenced by other nations. Harkhorin, the capital of the Mongolian experienced the glory and majesty of the Mongolian Empire' art. With the development of religious arts and architecture, in 16 to early 20th century, design of buildings acquired features of Buddhist temples. Many monasteries were built during this time. Works, that represents today's classical painting techniques, are  O. Tsevegjav's "Battle of Stallions", U.Yadamsuren's "The Old Horse-fiddler", A.Senghetsokhio's "The Mongol Lady", B.Avarzed's "Uurgach" and Ts.Minjuur's "Caravan Guide".

Mongolian Sculpture: Since time immemorable, people who lived in the northern part of Central Asia depicted their memories, respects and emotions in stones on stones which are called "bugan hoshoo"/deer monuments/ and "hun chuluu"/stone men/.